The Health Benefits of Green Tea

Green tea has a long history in China, where it has been consumed as a richly flavored beverage and used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years.1 Today, green tea has grown in popularity and is consumed all over the world due to its numerous well-known health benefits.

The leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant are used to make green tea. This article discusses the known and potential health benefits of green tea, potential side effects, and what to look for when purchasing green tea for consumption or use as a dietary supplement, despite the fact that all varieties of tea come from the same plant.2
Using a glass teapot to serve mint-infused green tea What Are the Benefits of Green Tea?

Young tea leaves are harvested, withered, steamed, or pan-fried before being dried for green tea2. This prevents fermentation and keeps many of the beneficial compounds in tea leaves intact.

The health benefits of green tea can be attributed to its high concentration of antioxidants. Green tea contains high levels of natural phenols and antioxidants known as catechins, which are a family of chemicals. Tea is high in polyphenols, which are natural compounds that reduce inflammation, protect against oxidative stress, and prevent cell damage3. The catechin in green tea with the highest concentration is epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). According to research, the following are the health benefits of green tea: it has been shown to improve cardiovascular health, enhance cognitive function, promote weight loss, regulate blood sugar levels, support digestive health, and protect against certain types of cancer4.

Green tea may reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke and protect against cardiovascular diseases when consumed regularly. Green tea’s anti-inflammatory compounds, like EGCG, have been shown to relax blood vessels and reduce vascular inflammation (inflammation of the blood vessels).6 The optimal amount of green tea consumed daily for heart health benefits is unknown. A review of 31 studies found that green tea is associated with significant reductions in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or “bad” cholesterol. Still, there is evidence that consuming three to five cups of green tea daily along with a healthy diet reduces the risk of death from cardiovascular disease by 41%.7 Green tea improves brain health by:8 improving mood, reducing stress, improving cognitive function, and protecting against neurodegenerative diseases and age-related cognitive decline.

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