How to Grow Leeks
For at least 4,000 years, leeks have been used as a food crop. Try your hand at saving biennial seeds and take pleasure in this historic allium in your garden.When to Plant: Start planting leek seeds indoors eight to ten weeks before the last frost date. When the threat of hard frost has passed, seedlings can be moved outside.
Requirements for Space Plant leek seeds 14 inch deep into the flats. Leeks should be planted six inches apart in your garden when you transplant them.
Germination takes 5-7 days. Special considerations: Leeks prefer organically rich soil. They also eat a lot, so they like fertilizers with a lot of nitrogen.Common Pests and Diseases Downy mildew, white rot, and leaf blight are all diseases that can affect leeks. To keep diseases at bay, rotate plant families in your garden carefully.When and How to Harvest Leeks Harvest leeks when they are between 12 and 12 inches in diameter. Before using your leek plants for cooking, be sure to thoroughly clean them. Between their tall leaves, dirt can gather.Consuming Leek: Leek can be used in numerous onion-based recipes. Utilize leeks in stews, soups, and other simmered dishes due to their robust flavor and texture.
Leeks can be stored whole for weeks in a refrigerator or for months in a root cellar.How to Save Leek Seeds Although growing leeks for their seeds rather than for consumption takes more time and effort, this biennial crop is fairly cold-hardy and can spend the winter in the garden in many places.Life Cycle Recommended Isolation Distance In their second year of growth, divide varieties by 800 to 12 mile.Recommended Population Sizes Save seeds from at least five plants to guarantee that they will germinate. Keep seeds from 20 to 50 plants when growing a variety over many generations. Save seeds from 80 plants if you want to preserve a rare variety’s genetics.
Vernalization Select a few perfect leeks and store them through the winter to produce seed from them. Leeks should be stored in a cool, dry area away from direct sunlight. Leeks should be replanted in the early spring with the same spacing as their first year of growth. It is advised to stake leeks during flowering to prevent lodging.
Evaluation of Seed Maturity In the second growing season, mature black seeds are revealed when capsules split open.