How to Grow Brussels Sprouts
These small greens belong to the Brassica oleracea family, which also includes cabbage, kale, broccoli, and cauliflower. They will bloom and create seeds in their subsequent developing season in the wake of encountering chilly climate. Seed savers regard Brussels sprouts as an advanced crop.
When to Plant Brussels Sprouts Brussels sprouts need a long growing season. Just before the last frost, transplant Brussels sprouts outside.
Requirements for Space Plant Brussels sprouts seeds 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost in flats, 14 inch deep.
Time to Germination: 3 to 10 days Special Considerations: When growing for seed, space rows at least 36 inches apart by 18 to 24 inches. Staking is advised.
Pests and diseases that Brussels sprouts are susceptible to include the diseases leaf spot and black rot, cutworms, harlequin bugs, cabbage butterflies, and cabbage loopers. Covering plants with row cover or using organic pesticides throughout the growing season can control many pests.
When and How to Harvest: When the sprouts are firm and approximately 1 inch in diameter, begin harvesting them. Initially, mature sprouts will emerge near the plant’s base. Harvest individual sprouts as they mature with a sharp knife.
Consuming Brussels sprouts can be prepared in a variety of ways. When thinly cut with a mandoline or a sharp knife, the small leafy nodes can be eaten raw or mixed with a light dressing to make a fresh salad. They can be prepared as a side dish by steaming or boiling them and then simply dressing them with butter, salt, and pepper.
How to Store Fresh Brussels Sprouts: In the refrigerator, they will keep for several weeks. This vegetable can be blanched and frozen to extend the enjoyment of Brussels sprouts into the winter.
Life Cycle of Brussels sprout seeds Biennial Recommended Isolation Distance Divide varieties by 800 feet to 12 miles.
Vernalization Before you can save Brussels sprouts seeds, you must first decide how to vernalize your plants. Vernalization can take place in the field or in the storage facility. When plants cannot be successfully overwintered in the field, they can be vernalized in storage. If you will have 10 to 12 weeks of cool weather (around 50 degrees Fahrenheit) without regular temperatures below 35 degrees Fahrenheit, overwinter Brussels sprouts in the field. Dig up the entire plant, including the roots, before the first frost. Replant Brussels sprout plants into holders loaded up with marginally soggy preparing blend or sand. After that, locate a place to keep your plants. The ideal storage conditions for Brussels sprout vernalization are between 80 and 95 percent relative humidity at 34 to 39 degrees Fahrenheit. In some climates, a traditional root cellar is preferable to garages, sheds, and other unheated structures.