How to Grow Swiss Chard

Swiss chard is a flavorful green. Beets and Swiss chard are the same species, and they need to overwinter in order to produce seeds. Plants can be delicately reaped in the primary year for food, and afterward set to overwinter and create seeds the next year.
When to Plant: In the spring, plant seeds outdoors as soon as the soil can be worked.
Requirements for Spacing Sow seeds directly 2 inches apart, then thin to 6-12 inches apart. Plant seeds 12 inches deep.

Special Considerations When growing for seed, increase the spacing between plants to 19 inches in rows that are 36 inches apart, or to 24 inches on center. It is advised to stake plants.
Pests and diseases that affect a lot of people Swiss chard can be affected by downy mildew if it grows quickly as baby greens. Birds also like the leaves, but row covers can keep them away from new seedlings.
When and How to Harvest Swiss chard Swiss chard can be harvested on an ongoing basis throughout the season. At the base of the stalk, remove the outer leaves, leaving four to five inner leaves for the plant to continue growing. Swiss chard can also be harvested as baby greens from closer plantings by cutting the leaves about 3 inches above the soil and returning approximately every week. Before harvesting once more, allow the plants to re-grow to 5 to 6 inches.

Swiss chard can be eaten raw, in soups, steamed, or added to sandwiches and salads.
Storage Place the leaves in plastic bags for a few days in the refrigerator or crisper.
How to Retain Swiss Chard Seeds This biennial crop does not set seeds until its second growing season. This species’ seeds mature into plants that take up a fair amount of garden space. An advantage to developing Swiss chard for seed is that you can daintily gather the plants in their most memorable season for food, and afterward let them overwinter and reap the seeds the following year.

The recommended isolation distance for the Life Cycle Biennial is 800 feet to 1 mile.
Recommended Population Sizes Save seeds from at least five plants to guarantee that they will germinate. Keep seeds from 20 to 50 plants when growing a variety over many generations. Save seeds from at least 80 plants if you want to preserve a rare variety’s genetics.

Leave a Comment