How to Grow Garlic:
Most of the time, garlic is grown from seeds. Instead, a few flavorful garlic bulbs are left over from the harvest and replanted each year.
When to Plant Garlic: After the first light frost of the year, plant garlic in the fall, typically between September 15 and November 30.
Requirements for Spacing Keep the bulbs intact until just before planting. Plant the largest, healthiest cloves by cutting the bulb into individual cloves and spacing them 6 to 8 inches apart with the basal plate down and the pointed shoot end up. Mulch covered in a 6-inch layer and 2 inches of soil
Depending on the variety and the weather in your area, cloves may begin to sprout through the mulch in four to eight weeks. Don’t worry about it. Despite the slightest frost or freeze, the plants will survive the weather.
Special Considerations For garlic plants to develop their bulbs, they must be vernalized (overwintered). Mulch should not be removed in the spring; It maintains moisture, aids in weed control, and provides nutrients as it decomposes.
Throughout the growing season, provide one inch of water per week to ensure even soil moisture when garlic shoots begin to emerge in early spring. Because garlic doesn’t like to compete with weeds, you should get rid of weeds early to get a good harvest. The curly flower stems that frequently emerge as the garlic matures are called scapes. After they reach a length of 10 inches, cut or break them in half and save the rest for later consumption.
Nematodes, botrytis rot, and white rot are just a few of the common diseases and pests that can harm garlic. However, weeds pose the greatest threat to garlic. Make sure your garlic bed is clean, and plant it in loose, well-fertilized soil.