Treatment and Prevention of Heart Disease There are many ways to fight heart disease and lower its risk, including surgery, lifestyle changes, and medication.
Heart disease treatment varies depending on the condition and severity. While lifestyle changes or medication can treat coronary artery disease, implantable devices like pacemakers may be required for serious heart rhythm issues.
A treatment plan tailored to your requirements will be developed by your doctor. Make sure to follow all of the instructions exactly.
Heart disease treatment typically includes:
Changes to one’s lifestyle are frequently the first steps in managing heart disease. A heart-healthy diet low in sodium and fat, regular exercise, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol consumption are all lifestyle changes.
Medication Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat heart disease if lifestyle changes are insufficient. The type of medication prescribed will be determined by the severity of the condition.
Common heart disease treatments can include the following:
Certain heart, blood vessel, and heart rhythm conditions are treated with anticoagulants, or blood thinners, which reduce the blood’s ability to clot. These medications aid in the prevention of harmful blood clots from forming in the heart or blood vessels, and they may also prevent clots from growing in size and resulting in more serious issues.
By lowering levels of hormones that control blood pressure, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors make it easier for blood to flow through the body and widen blood vessels, which in turn reduces resistance.
Beta-blockers reduce the effects of adrenaline on the heart and slow the heart rate. Because of this, blood pressure falls and the heart has to work less.
Calcium channel blockers stop the calcium from getting into the cells of the heart and blood vessels. This prescription can loosen up the veins and lower the pulse.
When the heart’s pumping function is impaired, digitalis can help it contract more strongly.
Diuretics, also known as water pills, help the heart relax by forcing the body to urinate to get rid of excess fluids and sodium. Additionally, these pills reduce the accumulation of fluid in the lungs and other body parts, such as the ankles and legs.
Statins and other cholesterol-lowering medications lower LDL (the “bad” cholesterol) levels in the blood. 1,2) Surgery If medication and lifestyle changes do not suffice, surgery may be necessary. The treatment your doctor recommends depends on your type of heart disease and the amount of damage to your heart.