How to Grow Onions

An essential vegetable in American gardens, onions are a culinary staple. Onions, as different individuals from the Allium family, are biennials, creating seeds in their second year of development. The bulb (or common) onion has a round, elongated, or flattened skin with brown, yellow, or red skin. Scallions or bunching onions are harvested in small quantities.

When and How to Start Indoors Before transplanting them outdoors just before the typical date of the last frost in your area, plant onion seeds indoors for 8 to 10 weeks. Seeds should be sown at a depth of 14 inch. In order to thrive, onions need a sunny, open location, fertile soil, and good drainage.
When started indoors, seeds will germination in four to ten days.
When to Transplant: Just before the last frost, transplant outdoors.

Requirements for Spacing When transplanting your seedlings, make sure they are spaced at least 6 inches apart. In the part of your garden with the fewest weeds, plant onion seedlings; Because they are so small, onion seedlings can’t really compete with weeds.
Special considerations Before the last frost, dig a large, at least 4-inch-deep hole in your soil. Before you plant your seedlings, water this furrow to make transplanting easier.
Common Pests and Diseases Onion growth can be affected by a number of bacterial, fungal, and viral diseases. Pest insects can also be a problem in varying degrees throughout the United States. Place your onions in an area that is well-drained. Crops stored can be affected by diseases and fungi like Fusarium basal rot, white rot, and Botrytis neck rot. Rotation of crops can help keep these diseases at bay.
When and How to Harvest After the bulbs have matured, the tops of bulb onion plants naturally fall over. Lift all of the bulbs from a planting in which half of the tops have collapsed and cure the pulled plants in a warm, dry location away from direct sunlight.

Eating Onions are a kitchen staple for adding flavor to savory dishes and have endless culinary applications. There are dozens of other ways to combine onions into dishes, including roasting, frying, sautéing, pickling, and frying. Salads, pasta, and soups all benefit greatly from bunching onions. A great way to use up a bunch of red onions, which don’t keep as well as white or yellow onions do, is to make onion jam or compote.

Leave a Comment